Gujjar sher

The origins of the Gurjars are uncertain. The Gurjara clan appeared in northern India about the time of the Huna invasions of northern India. Some scholars, such as V. General Cunningham identified the Gujjars with Yuezhi or Tocharians.

Campbell identified Gujars with Khazars. However, there is no evidence for such claims. Gujjar rulers The Gurjara-Pratihara kingdom and other contemporary kingdoms.

According to some historical accounts, the kingdom with capital at Bhinmal or Srimal was established by the Gujjars. A minor kingdom of Bharuch was the offshoot of this Kingdom.

gujjar sher

He stated that the Gurjaras ruled a rich and populous kingdom with capital at Bhinmal Pilo-mo-lo. According to his expositor, M. Vivien de St. Smith also stated that there is possibility of other Agnikula Rajput clans being of same origin. Bhandarkar also believed that Pratiharas were a clan of Gujjars. Munshi stated that the Pratiharas, the Paramaras and the Solankis were imperial Gujjars.

However, some other historians believe that although some sections of the Pratiharas eg. Rose and Denzil Ibbetson stated that there is no conclusive proof that the Agnikula Rajput clans are of Gurjara origin; they believed that there is possibility of the indigenous tribes adopting Gurjara names, when their founders were enfiefed by Gurjara rulers. Over the years, the Gurjars were assimilated mainly into the castes of Kshatriya varna, although some Gurjar groups such as Gaur Gurjars of central India are classified as Brahmins.

In the eighteenth century, several Gujjar chieftains and small kings were in power. According to a legend, the fort was built by Parikshita and restored by Nain Singh in the eighteenth century. The fort was dismantled into be used as a police station. A band of rebellious Gujjars ransacked Bulandshahr after a revolt by the 9th Native Infantry on May 21, The British officers initially left for Meerut but later sent a small force to retake the town. Under the leadership of Walidad Khan of Malagarh, the British garrison was driven out the district.

On October 4, the Bulandshahr District was regularly occupied by the British Colonel Farquhar and measures of repression were adopted against the armed Gujars. During the revolt ofthe Muslim Gujars in the villages of the Ludhiana District showed dissent to the British authorities. These Gujars rebels were defeated by the British forces under H.Like his father, Baburhe lost his kingdom early but regained it with the aid of the Safavid dynasty of Persia, with additional territory.

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At the time of his death inthe Mughal Empire spanned almost one million square kilometres. In DecemberHumayun succeeded his father to the throne of Delhi as ruler of the Mughal territories in the Indian subcontinent. Humayun was an inexperienced ruler when he came to power, at the age of His half-brother Kamran Mirza inherited Kabul and Kandaharthe northernmost parts of their father's empire.

Kamran was to become a bitter rival of Humayun. Humayun lost Mughal territories to Sher Shah Suribut regained them 15 years later with Safavid aid. Humayun's return from Persia was accompanied by a large retinue of Persian noblemen and signalled an important change in Mughal court culture. The Central Asian origins of the dynasty were largely overshadowed by the influences of Persian artarchitecturelanguageand literature. There are many stone carvings and thousands of Persian manuscripts in India dating from the time of Humayun.

Subsequently, Humayun further expanded the Empire in a very short time, leaving a substantial legacy for his son, Akbar. The decision of Babur to divide the territories of his empire between two of his sons was unusual in India, although it had been a common Central Asian practice since the time of Genghis Khan. Unlike most monarchieswhich practised primogeniturethe Timurids followed the example of Genghis and did not leave an entire kingdom to the eldest son. Although under that system only a Chingissid could claim sovereignty and khanal authority, any male Chinggisid within a given sub-branch had an equal right to the throne though the Timurids were not Chinggisid in their paternal ancestry.

He had ruled only four years, and not all umarah nobles viewed Humayun as the rightful ruler. Indeed, earlier, when Babur had become ill, some of the nobles had tried to install his Brother-in-law, Mahdi Khwaja, as ruler.

Although this attempt failed, it was a sign of problems to come. When Humayun came to the throne of the Mughal Empireseveral of his brothers revolted against him. Another brother Khalil Mirza — supported Humayun but was assassinated. The Emperor commenced construction of a tomb for his brother inbut this was not yet finished when Humayun was forced to flee to Persia. Sher Shah destroyed the structure and no further work was done on it after Humayun's restoration.Gurjar or Gujjar also known as Gojar and Goojar is an ethnic agricultural and pastoral community of IndiaPakistanand Afghanistan.

They were known as Gurjaras during the medieval times, a name which is believed to have been an ethnonym in the beginning as well as a demonym later on. The historical role of Gurjars has been quite diverse in society, at one end they are founders of several kingdoms, districts, cities, towns, and villages, and at the other end, they are also nomads with no land of their own. The pivotal point in the history of Gurjar identity is often traced back to the emergence of a Gurjara kingdom in present-day Rajasthan during medieval times around CE.

It is believed that the Gurjars migrated to different parts of the Indian Subcontinent from the Gurjara kingdom. Thereafter, several Gurjar chieftains and upstart warriors are mentioned in history, who were rather petty rulers in contrast to their predecessors. The modern forms "Gurjar" and "Gujjar" were quite common during the Mughal era, and documents dating from the period mention Gurjars as a "turbulent" people.

The Indian states of Gujarat and Rajasthan were known as Gurjaradesa and Gurjaratra for centuries prior to the arrival of the British power. The Gujrat and Gujranwala districts of Pakistani Punjab have also been associated with Gujjars from as early as the 8th century CE, when there existed a Gurjara kingdom in the same area. The Saharanpur district of Uttar Pradesh was also known as Gujarat previously, due to the presence of many Gujjar zamindars, or land holding farmer class, in the area.

Gurjars are linguistically and religiously diverse. Although they are able to speak the language of the region and country where they live, Gurjars have their own language, known as Gujari. They variously follow HinduismIslamand Sikhism.

Historians and anthropologists differ on the issue of Gurjar origin. According to one view, the ancient ancestors of Gurjars came from central Asia via Georgia from near the Caspian Sea; that Sea's alternate name of the Bahr-e-Khizar caused the tribe to be known as Khizar, Guzar, Gujur, Gurjara, or Gujjar.

According to this view, between 1 BCE and 1 CEthe ancient ancestors of Gurjars came in multiple waves of migration and they were initially accorded status as high-caste warriors in the Hindu fold in the North-Western regions modern Rajasthan and Gujarat.

Latest Haryanvi Song 'Gujjar The License' Sung By Shourya Mehta

According to scholars such as Baij Nath Purithe Mount Abu ancient Arbuda Mountain region of present-day Rajasthan had been an abode of the Gurjars during the medieval period. The whole or a larger part of Rajasthan and Gujarat had been long known as Gurjaratra country ruled or protected by the Gurjars or Gurjarabhumi land of the Gurjars for centuries prior to the Mughal period. In Sanskrit texts, the ethnonym has sometimes been interpreted as "destroyer of the enemy": gur meaning "enemy" and ujjar meaning "destroyer".

Irawati Karvethe Indologist and historian, believed that the Gurjars position in society and the caste system generally varied from one linguistic area of India to another. In Maharashtra, Karve thought that they were probably absorbed by the Rajputs and Marathas but retained some of their distinct identity. She based her theories on analysis of clan names and tradition, noting that while most Rajputs claim their origins to lie in the mythological Chandravansh or Suryavansh dynastiesat least two of the communities in the region claimed instead to be descended from the Agnivansh.

The study claimed that according to the new research, the Gurjar race "remained one of the most vibrant identity of Central Asia in BC era and later ruled over many princely states in northern India for hundred of years. In the 18th century, several Gurjar chieftains and small kings were in power. During the revolt ofthe Gurjars of Chundrowli rose against the British, under the leadership of Damar Ram. The Gurjars of Shunkuri village, numbering around three thousand, joined the rebel sepoys.

According to British records, the Gurjars plundered gunpowder and ammunition from the British and their allies. Twenty Gurjars were reported to have been beheaded by Rao Tula Ram for committing dacoities in July They cited proverbs that appear to evaluate the caste in an unfavorable light.

Small pockets of Gurjars are found in Afghanistan 's northeastern region, particularly in and around the Nuristan province. Hindu Gurjars were assimilated into several varnas. The Gurjar community in Haryana has set elaborate guidelines for solemnizing marriages and holding other functions.

Songs pertaining to Krishna and Gurjars were documented in Gurjar-inhabited areas during the British Rajthe connection being that Nand Mihirthe foster-father of Krishna, is claimed to be a Gurjar. In Rajasthan, some members of the Gurjar community resorted to violent protests over the issue of reservation in and In Mayduring violent protests over the reservation issue, members of the Gurjar community clashed with the police.

On 5 JuneGurjars rioted over their desire to be added to the central list of tribes who are given preference in India government job selection as well as placement in the schools sponsored by the states of India.

This preference is given under a system designed to help India's poor and disadvantaged citizens.

gujjar sher

However, other tribes on the list oppose this request as it would make it harder to obtain the few positions already set aside. In early s decadethe Gurjar community in Dang region of Rajasthan was also in news for the falling sex ratiounavailability of brides, and the resulting polyandry. Gurjars are one of the 6 main carpenter Suthar castes of Gujarat, and are believed to be of Central Asian descent.During a career spanning 40 years, he acted in some Punjabi films and Urdu filmswinning around awards.

He established himself as one of the leading and most successful actors of Pakistani and Punjabi cinema, [2] and received a reputation as Pakistan's " Clint Eastwood ". He began his film career in as a guest actor in the film Baghi. Maula Jatt was released on 11 February which became his most successful Pakistani film.

Sultan Rahi appeared in key roles in over films, [6] and was the highest paid Pakistani actor of his time.

They were compelled to stop to change the wheel of the car. Taking advantage of the darkness and deserted surroundings, some bandits approached the vehicle and tried to rob them. When Rahi began resisting, they opened fire, killing him on the spot and injuring his friend. He had five children, of which one, Haider Sultan, is also an actor. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Sultan Rahi. RawalpindiPunjab, British India. GujranwalaPunjab, Pakistan.

Retrieved 1 February The Oxford Handbook of Sikh Studies. Oxford University Press. Gulf News. Retrieved 6 June Culture and Customs of Pakistan. Greenwood Publishing Group. Special Awards from Nigar Awards. Shamim Ara Zeba Nadeem Sabiha Khanum Waheed Murad Categories : births deaths 20th-century Pakistani male actors Male actors from Rawalpindi Nigar Award winners Pakistani male film actors Pakistani film producers Pakistani screenwriters Pakistani stunt performers Male actors in Punjabi cinema Punjabi people Male actors in Urdu cinema Deaths by firearm in Pakistan Assassinated Pakistani people.

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gujjar sher

Actor producer screenwriter. Nigar Awards in and Diya Aur Toofan. Sharif Badmash. Sadqay Teri Mout Tun. General Bakht Khan. Baghi Sipahi. Insaniyat Kay Dushman. International Luteray.Post a Comment. She never thought who was a Hindu, who a Muslim. The Bakarwal community, to which the eight-year-old belonged, is a Muslim pastoral tribe situated in Jammu and Kashmirand along with the other tribal Muslim Gujjar group called Banihara form the third largest community in the state.

While the Baniharas deal in dairy farmingthe Bakarwal herd sheep and goats. A nomadic tribe, the Bakarwals are often recognised by the hundreds of kilometers long journey they take with their cattle every summer to Kashmir and Ladakh and back to Jammu in the winters.

While the incident and what followed, has revealed much about the communal divide that exists in the valley, it is interesting to reflect upon the religious identity of the Bakarwals, wherein we find an interesting blend of Hindu-Muslim theological systems. Bakarwal Gujjars and a Hindu-Muslim identity. The Bakarwals are known to be part of the larger ethnic group known as Gujjars who dominate large parts of Northern India, Pakistan and Afghanistan.

Interestingly, the Gujjars in different parts of the subcontinent variously follow Islam, Hinduism and Sikhism. However, despite professing the Islamic faith, anthropological study of the community shows that they have retained large parts of the Hindu belief system followed by Gujjars across the country.

The Gujjars of Jammu and Kashmir, essentially the Baniharas and the Bakarwals, are a migratory group. It is difficult to ascertain the precise date of their migration, but a plausible theory is that they moved to the hilly terrain from the plains of Punjab in response to insufficient grazing facilities, increasing population and religious persecution. Another theory also states that the Gujjars moved to Jammu and Kashmir from Rajputana and Kathiawar owing to a serious famine that broke out in the region.

Having broken away from the Gujjar population in the plains, however, they retained intrinsic cultural ties with them nonetheless. They believe that their ancestors were Hindus and hence they share the same blood and history with their Hindu counterparts. The women folk of Jammu and Kashmir Gujjars still perform traditional practices in their homes and also celebrate Baisakhi, Lori and Goverdhan festivals.

But keeping alive a Hindu belief system in their identity has not prohibited the group from following Islam as well. They swear allegiance to the local Pir, or a Sufi spiritual guide of the respective area in which they move about. Bakarwal Gujjars and a history of alienation. The fluidity in Bakarwal religion, however, has often resulted in an alienation of the community, particularly when their tribal identity has come in conflict with their religious identity.

Troubled by the tussle between the two, the Bakarwal Gujjars have often complained of being under-represented in government services, educational institutions, and also the census. Since a number of welfare schemes came into existence for them. A major breakthrough for the Gujjars came on April 19, when after years of protest, they were listed in the Scheduled Tribes, thereby making available to them the rights conferred upon other tribes of India.

But the welfare schemes for the Gujjars were never fully implemented and they continued to face discrimination, particularly from the urban Kashmiri population. In recent years, the community has been facing the wrath of Hindutva forces, especially the cow-protecting groups who target their mode of living that is dependent on cattle.

It is noteworthy that these are the same people who stood staunchly loyal to Maharaja Hari Singh during the Pakistani aggression of Yet again, when India fought Pakistan inthe Bakarwal Gujjars were the ones to have extended a helping hand to the Indian army, restoring the territorial integrity of the country.

Location: Thane, Maharashtra, India. No comments:.

Sultan Rahi

Newer Post Older Post Home. Subscribe to: Post Comments Atom.You can change your city from here. We serve personalized stories based on the selected city. ViRaj Kannadiga sings a quirky fun version of Juice Kudithiya to create awareness about staying at home during the coronavirus outbreak.

The song 'Gujjar The License' is directed by Vecy. Stay tuned to Etimes for more songs like Gujjar The License. Shilpa Shetty Kundra features her 3-month-old daughter This is how Tiger Shroff reacted to sister Krishna Shro When Ranveer Singh posed with a tiger as he turned into Kartik Aaryan asks a doctor if consuming alcohol can ki Athiya Shetty poses in an oversized white shirt for lat Shatrughan Sinha slams Mukesh Khanna for commenting on Santoor Maestro Rahul Sharma takes to music to spread p Ustad Amjad Ali Khan recalls gifting his sha Peh Gaya Khalara singer, Akanksha Bhandari is excited a Singer Pooja Gaitonde talks about her love for Sufi mus Singer Ronkini Gupta on why her upcoming concert is spe Singer couple Samir and Dipalee Date talk about perform Singer Neha Pandey talks about her latest single, 'Busy Dipika Chikhlia aka 'Ramayan's Sita' shares throwback p Monalisa shares her sun-kissed pictures, looks stunning Sheezan Mohammad on all his firsts Exclusive Nazar Dipika Chikhlia aka Ramayan's Sita asks people not to c Avika Gor gets nostalgic watching Balika Vadhu and shar From fat to fit: 'Bigg Boss' contestant Arti Singh flau Coronavirus scare: Karishma Tanna shares brilliant way This little kid explain coronavirus in the most adorabl Watch this little one explain coronavirus in the most a Watch Mumbaikars maintain social distancing while stand Mumbaikars light diyas, candles to show unity in fight Chefs, celebs pay tribute to chef Floyd Cardoz who pass Gudipadwa Actress Gouri Tonnk makes garlands from Mumbai dabbawala head performs puja at Gudi Padwa whileGurjar or Gujjar also known as Gojar and Goojar is an ethnic agricultural and pastoral community of IndiaPakistanand Afghanistan.

They were known as Gurjaras during the medieval times, a name which is believed to have been an ethnonym in the beginning as well as a demonym later on. The historical role of Gurjars has been quite diverse in society, at one end they are founders of several kingdoms, districts, cities, towns, and villages, and at the other end, they are also nomads with no land of their own.

The pivotal point in the history of Gurjar identity is often traced back to the emergence of a Gurjara kingdom in present-day Rajasthan during medieval times around CE.

It is believed that the Gurjars migrated to different parts of the Indian Subcontinent from the Gurjara kingdom. Thereafter, several Gurjar chieftains and upstart warriors are mentioned in history, who were rather petty rulers in contrast to their predecessors. The modern forms "Gurjar" and "Gujjar" were quite common during the Mughal era, and documents dating from the period mention Gurjars as a "turbulent" people.

The Indian states of Gujarat and Rajasthan were known as Gurjaradesa and Gurjaratra for centuries prior to the arrival of the British power. The Gujrat and Gujranwala districts of Pakistani Punjab have also been associated with Gujjars from as early as the 8th century CE, when there existed a Gurjara kingdom in the same area.

The Saharanpur district of Uttar Pradesh was also known as Gujarat previously, due to the presence of many Gujjar zamindars, or land holding farmer class, in the area. Gurjars are linguistically and religiously diverse. Although they are able to speak the language of the region and country where they live, Gurjars have their own language, known as Gujari. They variously follow HinduismIslamand Sikhism. Historians and anthropologists differ on the issue of Gurjar origin.

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According to one view, the ancient ancestors of Gurjars came from central Asia via Georgia from near the Caspian Sea; that Sea's alternate name of the Bahr-e-Khizar caused the tribe to be known as Khizar, Guzar, Gujur, Gurjara, or Gujjar. According to this view, between 1 BCE and 1 CEthe ancient ancestors of Gurjars came in multiple waves of migration and they were initially accorded status as high-caste warriors in the Hindu fold in the North-Western regions modern Rajasthan and Gujarat.

According to scholars such as Baij Nath Purithe Mount Abu ancient Arbuda Mountain region of present-day Rajasthan had been an abode of the Gurjars during the medieval period.

The whole or a larger part of Rajasthan and Gujarat had been long known as Gurjaratra country ruled or protected by the Gurjars or Gurjarabhumi land of the Gurjars for centuries prior to the Mughal period.

Sultan Rahi

In Sanskrit texts, the ethnonym has sometimes been interpreted as "destroyer of the enemy": gur meaning "enemy" and ujjar meaning "destroyer". Irawati Karvethe Indologist and historian, believed that the Gurjars position in society and the caste system generally varied from one linguistic area of India to another.

In Maharashtra, Karve thought that they were probably absorbed by the Rajputs and Marathas but retained some of their distinct identity. She based her theories on analysis of clan names and tradition, noting that while most Rajputs claim their origins to lie in the mythological Chandravansh or Suryavansh dynastiesat least two of the communities in the region claimed instead to be descended from the Agnivansh.

The study claimed that according to the new research, the Gurjar race "remained one of the most vibrant identity of Central Asia in BC era and later ruled over many princely states in northern India for hundred of years.

In the 18th century, several Gurjar chieftains and small kings were in power. During the revolt ofthe Gurjars of Chundrowli rose against the British, under the leadership of Damar Ram. The Gurjars of Shunkuri village, numbering around three thousand, joined the rebel sepoys. According to British records, the Gurjars plundered gunpowder and ammunition from the British and their allies.


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