Mentioned in? References in periodicals archive? May raw sugar slipped 0. Sugar slips as worries over Brazil weather fade. IRSA releasescusecs water. Facility operators and manufacturers had pushed back against those limits. Oregon toxic air rules taking final shape. The commissioner declared the mutations No, and as bogus and forged. NAB probes illegal land allotment in Kot Addu. Some vehicles were issued traffic tickets owing to wrong and double parking.

CTP award tickets to 42, violators. And Trevor thinks it could be the king's fifth wife Catherine, imprisoned at Hampton Court in then beheaded the following year at the age of just Between andnot only did the purpose of the role change many times, but even the name of the role was unsettled: no more than nine out of eighty appointments to the chief governorship of Ireland during this period also included the title 'Lord Lieutenant'.

The Irish Lord Lieutenancy. Among her topics are the people and their arrival in the American Southwest, the puberty rite and women's responsibility in society, the powers and the place of the shaman in the religious environment, raid and warfare as practiced among the Apache, and the history from through the Civil War to reservations.

The Apache peoples; a history of all bands and tribes through the s. At GMT today Bayer's share lost 0.

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You can search our catalog of processors, chipsets, kits, SSDs, server products and more in several ways. Brand Name: Core i7. Product Number: iU. Code Name: Kaby Lake. Lithography refers to the semiconductor technology used to manufacture an integrated circuit, and is reported in nanometer nmindicative of the size of features built on the semiconductor. Cores is a hardware term that describes the number of independent central processing units in a single computing component die or chip.

A Thread, or thread of execution, is a software term for the basic ordered sequence of instructions that can be passed through or processed by a single CPU core. Processor Base Frequency describes the rate at which the processor's transistors open and close. The processor base frequency is the operating point where TDP is defined. Frequency is typically measured in gigahertz GHzor billion cycles per second.

CPU Cache is an area of fast memory located on the processor. Thermal Design Power TDP represents the average power, in watts, the processor dissipates when operating at Base Frequency with all cores active under an Intel-defined, high-complexity workload.

Refer to Datasheet for thermal solution requirements. Embedded Options Available indicates products that offer extended purchase availability for intelligent systems and embedded solutions.

See your Intel representative for details. Find products with Embedded Options Available. The number of memory channels refers to the bandwidth operation for real world application. ECC memory is a type of system memory that can detect and correct common kinds of internal data corruption.

Note that ECC memory support requires both processor and chipset support. PCI Express Revision is the version supported by the processor. Peripheral Component Interconnect Express or PCIe is a high-speed serial computer expansion bus standard for attaching hardware devices to a computer.

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The different PCI Express versions support different data rates. USB Universal Serial Bus is an industry standard connection technology for attaching peripheral devices to a computer. SATA Serial Advanced Technology Attachment is a high speed standard for connecting storage devices such as hard disk drives and optical drives to a motherboard.

The socket is the component that provides the mechanical and electrical connections between the processor and motherboard. Highly threaded applications can get more work done in parallel, completing tasks sooner. It offers improved manageability by limiting downtime and maintaining productivity by isolating computing activities into separate partitions.

An instruction set refers to the basic set of commands and instructions that a microprocessor understands and can carry out. Instruction Set Extensions are additional instructions which can increase performance when the same operations are performed on multiple data objects.

Idle States C-states are used to save power when the processor is idle. C0 is the operational state, meaning that the CPU is doing useful work.It is the purpose of this chapter to fulfill the intent of the framers of the Constitution of the United States and insure that the collective judgment of both the Congress and the President will apply to the introduction of United States Armed Forces into hostilities, or into situations where imminent involvement in hostilities is clearly indicated by the circumstances, and to the continued use of such forces in hostilities or in such situations.

Under article I, section 8, of the Constitution, it is specifically provided that the Congress shall have the power to make all laws necessary and proper for carrying into execution, not only its own powers but also all other powers vested by the Constitution in the Government of the United States, or in any department or officer thereof.

The constitutional powers of the President as Commander-in-Chief to introduce United States Armed Forces into hostilities, or into situations where imminent involvement in hostilities is clearly indicated by the circumstances, are exercised only pursuant to 1 a declaration of war, 2 specific statutory authorization, or 3 a national emergency created by attack upon the United States, its territories or possessions, or its armed forces.

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Changes or modifications to such objectives, policy, military mission, or general rules of engagement shall be submitted to Congress within forty-eight hours of approval.

Such report shall also include information on any agreements or commitments relating to United Nations Security Council actions concerning Haiti since By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and laws of the United States, including section of title 3United States Code, I hereby delegate to you the functions and authority conferred upon the President by section 4 of the Authorization for Use of Military Force Against Iraq Resolution ofPublic Law — [set out in a note above], and by section 3 of the Authorization for Use of Military Force Against Iraq ResolutionPublic Law —1 [set out in a note above], to make the specified reports to the Congress.

Please help us improve our site! No thank you. LII U. Code Title Purpose and policy. Code Notes prev next. Effective Date Pub. Short Title Pub. Such assessment should include the total number of detainees held by the United States in Iraq, the number of detainees in each threat level category, the number of detainees who are not nationals of Iraq, the number of detainees transferred to Iraqi authorities, the number of detainees who were released from United States custody and the reasons for their release, and the number of detainees who having been released in the past were recaptured or had their remains identified planning or after carrying out attacks on United States or Coalition forces.

The assessment should include a description of the numbers and categories of programs, projects, and activities for which such other entities have taken responsibility or which have been discontinued by the Department of Defense.

The assessment should also include a discussion of any difficulties or barriers in transitioning such programs, projects, and activities and what, if any, solutions have been developed to address such difficulties or barriers. The assessment should include a listing of anticipated critical support from general purpose forces required by United States special operations forces and Iraqi special operations forces. The assessment should also include combat support, including rotary aircraft and intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance assets, combat service support, and contractor support needed through December 31, At the request of the Secretary of State, the Secretary of Defense shall include an appendix to the report which contains any comments or additional information that the Secretary of State requests.

United States Policy on Iraq Pub.

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Involvement of Armed Forces in Haiti Pub. Involvement of Armed Forces in Somalia Pub. Multinational Force in Lebanon Resolution Pub. Consistent with section 5 b of the War Powers Resolution [ 50 U.

Such participation shall be limited to performance of the functions, and shall be subject to the limitations, specified in the agreement establishing the Multinational Force in Lebanon as set forth in the exchange of letters between the Governments of the United States and Lebanon dated September 25,except that this shall not preclude such protective measures as may be necessary to ensure the safety of the Multinational Force in Lebanon.

As required by section 4 c of the War Powers Resolution [ 50 U. An analysis of the implications of the response to such discussions for the continuation of the Multinational Force in Lebanon shall be included in the reports required under paragraph 3 of section 4 of this resolution. Such joint resolution or bill shall be considered by such committee within fifteen calendar days and may be reported out, together with its recommendations, unless such House shall otherwise determine pursuant to its rules.

Notwithstanding any rule in either House concerning the printing of conference reports in the Record or concerning any delay in the consideration of such reports, such report shall be acted on by both Houses not later than six calendar days after the conference report is filed.


In the event the conferees are unable to agree within forty-eight hours, they shall report back to their respective Houses in disagreement. Adherence to War Powers Resolution Pub. You are authorized and directed to publish this memorandum in the Federal Register.

George W.The directly followed the Commodore meant for the VIC The number of sectors per track varies from 17 to 21 an early implementation of zone bit recording. The first drives produced in have a label on the front reading VIC and have an off-white case to match the VIC Inthe was switched to having the familiar beige case and a front label reading simply "" along with rainbow stripes to match the Commodore The magazine reported in March that it received three defective drives in two weeks, [4] and Compute!

Publications sorely needs additional s for in-house use, yet we can't find any to buy. After numerous phone calls over several days, we were able to locate only two units in the entire continental United States", reportedly because of Commodore's attempt to resolve a manufacturing issue that caused the high failures. The early to s have a spring-eject mechanism Alps driveand the disks often fail to release. This style of drive has the popular nickname "Toaster Drive", because it requires the use of a knife or other hard thin object to pry out the stuck media just like a piece of toast stuck in an actual toaster though this is inadvisable with actual toasters.

This was fixed later when Commodore changed the vendor of the drive mechanism Mitsumi and adopted the flip-lever Newtronics mechanism, greatly improving reliability. In addition, Commodore made the drive's controller board smaller and reduced its chip count compared to the early s which had a large PCB running the length of the case, with dozens of TTL chips.

The beige-case Newtronics was produced from to All but the very earliest non-II model s can use either the Alps or Newtronics mechanism.

Then, to match the look of the C64, CBM changed the drive's color to brown-beige and the name to Commodore The 's numerous shortcomings opened a market for a number of third-party clones of the disk drive, a situation that continued for the lifetime of the C Well-known clones are the Oceanic OC a.

Nevertheless, the became the first disk drive to see widespread use in the home and Commodore sold millions of the units. InCommodore released the C, a revised version that offered quieter and slightly more reliable operation and a light beige case matching the color scheme of the Commodore 64C.

It was replaced in by the II, which uses an external power supply to provide cooler operation and allows the drive to have a smaller desktop footprint the power supply "brick" being placed elsewhere, typically on the floor. Later ROM revisions fixed assorted problems, including a software bug that caused the save-and-replace command to corrupt data.

The Commodore is an upgrade from the for use with the Commodoreavailable in Europe. The does not have DIP switches to change the device number. If a user added more than one drive to a system the user had to open the case and cut a trace in the circuit board to permanently change the drive's device number, or hand-wire an external switch to allow it to be changed externally. If multiple drives in a chain are used, then the startup procedure is to power on the first drive in the chain, alter its device number via a software command to the highest number in the chain if three drives were used, then the first drive in the chain would be set to device 10then power on the next drive, alter its device number to the next lowest, and repeat the procedure until the final drive at the end of the chain was powered on and left as device 8.

Unlike the Apple II, where support for two drives was normal, it was relatively uncommon for Commodore software to support this setup, and the CBM DOS copy file command was not even able to copy files between drives — a third party copy utility must be used instead.


The pre-II s also have an internal power source, which generated a lot of heat. The heat generation was a frequent source of humour. For example, Compute! The drive-head mechanism installed in the early production years is notoriously easy to misalign. The most common cause of the 's drive head knocking and subsequent misalignment is copy-protection schemes on commercial software. Accordingly, when a disk is not formatted or a disk error occurs, the unit tries to move the head 40 times in the direction of track zero although the DOS only uses 35 tracks, the drive mechanism itself is a track unit, so this ensured track zero would be reached no matter where the head was before.

Once track zero is reached, every further attempt to move the head in that direction would cause it to be rammed against a solid stop: for example, if the head happened to be on track 18 where the directory is located before this procedure, the head would be actually moved 18 times, and then rammed against the stop 22 times.

This ramming gives the characteristic "machine gun" noise and sooner or later throws the head out of alignment. A defective head-alignment part likely caused many of the reliability issues in early drives; one dealer told Compute!GitHub is home to over 40 million developers working together to host and review code, manage projects, and build software together.

If nothing happens, download GitHub Desktop and try again. If nothing happens, download Xcode and try again. If nothing happens, download the GitHub extension for Visual Studio and try again. The software is free and I have endeavored to make the hardware as simple and inexpensive as possible. See www. Skip to content. Dismiss Join GitHub today GitHub is home to over 40 million developers working together to host and review code, manage projects, and build software together. Sign up.


Commodore emulator for the Raspberry Pi. Branch: master. Find file. Sign in Sign up. Go back. Launching Xcode If nothing happens, download Xcode and try again. Latest commit. Latest commit 4cfd Jan 26, You signed in with another tab or window. Reload to refresh your session. You signed out in another tab or window. Added T64 support to FB. Nov 17, Aug 18, Aug 12, It is connected with a data cable on the serial bus to the Commodore In consequence of the long production time of the C64the was produced with various cases, with internal or external power supplies, starting in Two newer models were introduced later, the C in and the II in On the front of the case are 2 LEDs - in the originala green one that lights up as long as the drive is powered, and a red one controlled by the drive's firmware to display working status the colors are reversed on some later models.

When the red LED is flashing, it means that an error has occurred. On the back side of the case are two interfaces for serial data cables, the power switch and power connector.


On the II are two DIP-switches to change the device number default 8 to any number in the range from 8 to If using only one disk drive, the drive number should always be kept at 8, as that is what most software is hard-wired to use; however, if more than one drive is connected to a computer, each should get its own unique drive number in ascending order.

Depending on the specific model, the power supply was either internal or external to the drive. Earlier models came with an internal power supply which generated significant, often fatal amounts of heat.

CID - Ep 1516 - Full Episode - 29th April, 2018

Later models came with an external power supply to eliminate heat damage to the internal circuits and mechanics. One side of a 5,25"-disk in the has a capacity ofbytes, which are blocks, but only blocks are useable.

The is a one-sided drive, which means that the back side of a disk can only be used by taking it out and manually flipping it over. Such a "flippy disk" needs to get an additional notch in the cover opposite the one that's already there, or else the back side can't be written to; disk notchers used to be sold especially for this purpose, but you can also use a pair of scissors and some care.

The version of Commodore DOS 2. The version number of Commodore DOS among all models of is version 2. Although not officially supported by Commodore, the ROM code from the II but not that from the C can be burned into a pair of EPROMs and used in the original model if you want those bug fixes for that drive too.

The disk drive is controlled using a number of drive commands. The digit zero after the drive command letter in those commands is not strictly necessary, but its use is highly recommended to avoid triggering an obscure bug under rare circumstances that can lead to junk data being written to a disk rendering its files unusable.

In Commodore's double drives such as the CBM, which came before the and other single drives, you could use either a zero or a one here, to denote which of the two drives is meant. When Commodore ported their DOS to single drives, they didn't really clean up the two-drive handling code, which is what causes the bug. Disks for the disk drive are represented by the D64 disk image format.Toggle navigation. Yield R p0. The material does not have direct Metallography properties. Directory is being updated.

Cross Reference Table Equivalent Grade. Applied to the thermosetting plastic mold, the hardened mould as a whole. Improve the machinability, ablation resistance. Suitable for automatic lathe production of bolt and nut.

High strength after cold forming, but elongation than 1 cr17ni7 slightly worse. Used in architectural decoration parts. Of urea with good corrosion resistance, can produce urea corrosion of the equipment.

High strength after cold forming. Used in railway vehicle, conveyor belt, bolt and nut, etc. Suitable for automatic lathe production of rivets, screws. Carbon content lower than 0Cr19ni9 steel, excellent intergranular corrosion resistance, is used for welding after the class is not processed parts. Nickel steel grade, instead of number 1 cr17ni7 and magnetism after cold working, used in railway vehicle, etc.

Based on 0cr19ni9 plus N, strength increase and the plastic is not down. Reduce the thickness of the material. As a structure with strength components.

In 00cr19ni10 adding N, on the basis of the above grades also features, use the same as the 0 cr19ni9n, but better intergranular corrosion resistance.


Compared with 0 cr19ni9, processing low hardenability. Used for spinning processing, special drawing, cold heading. Oxidation resistance is better than 0cr23ni Mostly used as heat resistant steel. Carbon Steel. Seamless stainless steel tubes for boiler and heat exchanger. Corrosion resistance and heat resistance are better than 0cr19ni9.

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